Included in list of "German wartime resistance leaders [who] subsequently became Republican politicians and civil servants." Baggett, James Alex, "Origins of Early Texas Republican Party Leadership," The Journal of Southern History, Vol.40(3), August 1974, p. 449. "Robert Zapp, who according to a Confederate official committed 'treasonable acts.'"
Journal of Southern History.
Included on list of leaders of the Texas Constitutional Union Party in 1860. The party was formed in January of 1860. "The Constitutional Union Party in Texas," Vol. 82, No. 3, p. 238, 256-262.
Southwestern Historical Quarterly.
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