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Louis Trezevant Wigfall
Full Name: Louis Trezevant Wigfall
Date of birth: April 21, 1816
Date of death: February 18, 1874

Terms of Service top
Chamber District Dates of Service Legislatures Party City/County Note Counties in District
S 8 Nov 5, 1857 - Dec 7, 1859 8th (1) (2) (3)   7th (4) (5) (6)     Marshall / Harrison   Harrison
H 11 Nov 18, 1850 - Nov 3, 1851 3rd (7) (8)     Marshall / Harrison   Harrison
(1) E.A. Blanch, sworn 1/14/1860, succeeded Louis T. Wigfall, resignation announced 12/7/1859. Members of the Texas Congress 1836-1845; Members of the Texas Legislature 1846-2004, 2005.
(2) 8th Legislature - 11/7/1859, p. 4. Holdover Senator, listed in "The roll of Senators then being called, the following Senators answered to their names. . ." Senate Journal.
(3) Resignation announced, 12/7/1859, p. 107. Senate Journal.
(4) Listed in "New Senators elected: Democrats." Civilian and Gazette Weekly, 9/8/1857, p. 2, crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History. Portal to Texas History (University of North Texas Libraries).
(5) 7th Legislature - sworn 11/5/1857, p. 46. "Mr. Taylor, of Cass, presented the credentials of the Hon L.T. Wigfall, Senator elect from the county of Harris, who came forward, took the oath prescribed by the Constitution, and his seat." Senate Journal.
(6) Election of L.T. Wigfall for State Senator and Eli T. Craig, William F. Baldwin, and lawyer Pendleton Murrah, for House of Representatives in election of August, 1857 - "the state legislative races were decided in favor of the Democrats . . .," p. 169. A Southern Community in Crisis: Harrison County, Texas, 1850-1880, 1983.
(7) Louis T. Wigfall, sworn 11/18/1850, succeeded Jeremiah Clough, resigned after first 1st Called Session. Members of the Texas Congress 1836-1845; Members of the Texas Legislature 1846-2004, 2005.
(8) Description of Democratic-Whig conflict in Harrison County, subsequent resignations of Representative J.M. Clough (September 1850) and Senator James F. Taylor, re-election of Taylor and election of L.T. Wigfall in November 1850, pp. 160-162. A Southern Community in Crisis: Harrison County, Texas, 1850-1880, 1983.
Biographical Notes and Resources top
Biographical Sketches
  • WIGFALL, Louis Trezevant (1816-1874). Senator, TX. Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress 1774-Present.
  • WIGFALL, LOUIS TREZEVANT (1816-1874). Handbook of Texas Online.
  • Railroad promoter, pp. 89-93; biographical sketch, pp. 98-99; political career, pp. 151-153. A Southern Community in Crisis: Harrison County, Texas, 1850-1880, 1983.
  • Portrait and biographical sketch. "He killed Thomas Bird in an affray preceding a duel with James P. Carroll in which neither principal was hurt." The Texas Senator, 1978.
  • Military Service Notes
  • Confederate States Army, Colonel, 1st Texas Infantry; Brigadier General in Provisional Army, Wigfall "commanded the Texas Brigade of the Army of Northern Virginia (Hood's Texas Brigade) until February 1862, when he resigned to take a seat in the Confederate Congress." Handbook of Texas Online.
  • Biographical sketch, Lewis T. Wigfall, pp. 92-93. Texans Who Wore the Gray, 1907.
  • Louis Trezevant Wigfall. Texas Burial Sites of Civil War Notables: A Biographical and Pictorial Field Guide, 2002.
  • Biographical sketch and portrait, pp. 18, 97, Plate No. 37. Texas in the War, 1861-1865, 1965.
  • Mentioned in several letters, including William Henry Lewis' letter of 11/2/1861 describing General Wigfall's "first speech before the 5th Texas [Infantry] and his influence within the Confederate government," pp. 23-25; biographical sketch, footnote 37. Touched by Fire: Letters From Company D 5th Texas Infantry Hood's Brigade Army of Northern Virginia 1862-1865, 2000.
  • Other Resources
  • Mentioned in discussion of Harrison County religious life and denominations, pp. 102-103. A Southern Community in Crisis: Harrison County, Texas, 1850-1880, 1983.
  • Ledbetter, Billy D. "The Election of Louis T. Wigfall to the United States Senate, 1859: a Reevaluation," Vol. 77, No. 2, October 1973, pp. 241-254. Southwestern Historical Quarterly.
  • Secessionist letters sent to Texas Senator Louis T. Wigfall in 1863, "Sam Houston returns? Two letters from Texas secessionists in 1863," April 2014, pp. 404-409. Southwestern Historical Quarterly.
  • Committee Informationtop
    8th R.S. - 1859
    Convention to Frame a New State Constitution  
    Internal Improvements  
    Privileges and Elections  
    State Affairs  
    7th R.S. - 1857
    Internal Improvements  
    Message of the Governor on Kansas Affairs (Co-Chair) 
    Privileges and Elections  
    State Affairs (Chair) 
    3rd R.S. - 1849
    Governor's Message, Select  
    Purchase of Northwestern Territory, Governor's Message  
    State Affairs  

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