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LRL Home - Legislators and Leaders - Texas Legislators: Past & Present - Member profileprinter friendly versionreturn to screen view

George T. Ruby George T. Ruby
Full Name: George Thompson Ruby
Date of birth: 1841
Date of death: October 31, 1882

Terms of Service top
Chamber District Dates of Service Legislatures Party City/County Note Counties in District
S 12 Feb 8, 1870 - Jan 13, 1874 13th (1) (2) (3)   12th (4) (5)   Radical Republican Galveston / Galveston   Brazoria, Galveston, Matagorda
(1) Entire Senate went up for reelection due to Senatorial redistricting. Act passed Apr. 24, 1873 [presented to Governor May 1, 1873 and became law without his signature], 13th Legislature, R.S., ch. 35, Apportionment Laws of Texas, 1836-1950, 1950.
(2) Republican. Directory of the Members of the Thirteenth Legislature of the State of Texas, 1873.
(3) "Returning radicals [to the 13th Legislature] were Thomas H. Baker, Webster Flanagan, S.W. Ford, Albert J. Fountain, Matthew Gaines, Phidello W. Hall, Henry Rawson, George T. Ruby, William A. Saylor, and Robert P. Tendick," p. 145. The Texas Senate: Volume II, Civil War to the Eve of Reform, 1861-1889, 1999.
(4) 12th Legislature, 1st C.S. - Drawing for Terms of Office, 5/2/1870, pp. 51-52. Drew 6-year term. Senate Journal.
(5) Party affiliation, Radical. Roster of members, 12th Legislature, 1870. Texas Almanac for . . . and Emigrant's Guide to Texas.
Biographical Notes and Resources top
Resolutions and Journal entries
  • 79th Legislature, R.S., HR 589, paying tribute to African American legislators and constitutional convention delegates of 1868-1900. Resolutions - Congratulatory and Honorary.
  • 81st Legislature, R.S., HCR 81, paying tribute to African American legislators and constitutional convention delegates. Resolutions - Congratulatory and Honorary.
  • 85th Legislature, R.S., HR 452, celebrating Black History Month and honoring the leadership and vision of African American lawmakers. Resolutions - Congratulatory and Honorary.
  • Biographical Sketches
  • Biographical sketch, pp. 12-13. Afro-American Texans, 1994.
  • Biographical sketch, Republican and constitutional conventions, legislation, pp. 44-48, 51-52, 68. Black Texans: a History of African Americans in Texas, 1528-1995, 1996.
  • Portrait and biographical sketch, George Thompson (G.T.) Ruby. Forever Free: Nineteenth Century African-American Legislators and Constitutional Convention Delegates of Texas, 2002.
  • Portrait and biographical sketch, The 1860s: George T. Ruby. Forever Free: Nineteenth Century African-American Legislators and Constitutional Convention Delegates of Texas, 2002.
  • RUBY, GEORGE THOMPSON (1841-1882). Handbook of Texas Online.
  • Biographical sketch. Historic Figures that Influenced the History of the Red and Canadian Basins.
  • Biographical sketch, Birth of the party, Republican conventions, pp. 5-8, 12-13. History of the Republican Party in Texas 1865-1965, 1965.
  • Constitutional Convention 1868-1869 and resignation letter, biographical sketch, Radical conventions 1868, pp. 20, 24-30; Ruby's letters to Governor E.J. Davis, pp. 55-57. Negro Legislators of Texas and Their Descendants: a History of the Negro in Texas Politics from Reconstruction to Disfranchisement, 1935.
  • Biographical sketch, p. 182. Overreached on All Sides: the Freedmen's Bureau in Texas Administrators, 1865-1868, 1991.
  • Biographical sketch, p. 2, portrait and Chapter 11, "George T. Ruby: The Party Loyalist," pp. 180-189. Included in list of eleven African-American delegates to the Constitutional Convention of 1868-1869, Appendix A. Birth year 1841, death year 1882, Appendix D. Through Many Dangers, Toils, and Snares: Black Leadership in Texas, 1868-1898, 2016.
  • Other Resources
  • "George T. Ruby: Reconstruction Politician/Journalist" by Donna L. Dickerson. Volume 15, No. 1, pp. 51-68. American Journalism, 1983.
  • Biographical information, pp. 55-57. Black Leaders: Texans for Their Times, 1981.
  • One of nine African-American delegates to the Constitutional Convention of 1868-1869 (the Reconstruction Convention), p. 731. D.W. Burley and Sheppard Mullens not included in list of African-American delegates. East Texas: Its History and Its Makers, 1940.
  • George Ruby and James P. Butler mentioned in account of the Constitutional Convention of 1868-1869. The Howling of the Coyotes: Reconstruction Efforts to Divide Texas, 1979.
  • Reconstruction Convention of 1868-1869 and biographical information, pp. 200-201. Reconstruction in Texas, 1910.
  • "George T. Ruby: A Black Militant in the White Business Community," pp. 269-280. Red River Valley Historical Review, 1974.
  • Mentioned in Republicanism in Reconstruction Texas, 1980.
  • Mentioned in Time of Hope, Time of Despair: Black Texans During Reconstruction, 1981.
  • Photographs
  • Photograph. George T. Ruby, 13th Legislature, DeGolyer Library, SMU, Lawrence T. Jones III Collection.
  • Photograph. George T. Ruby, 13th Legislature, State Preservation Board
  • Composite Photographs on Display in the Capitol
  • 13th session composite photo of Senate and House members (Ground floor elevator vestibule, east wall. GW.V3). State Preservation Board.
  • Pictorial Monogram of the State Government of Texas 1873 (DeGolyer Library, SMU, Lawrence T. Jones III Collection). DeGolyer Library, SMU, Lawrence T. Jones III Collection..
  • Committee Informationtop
    13th R.S. - 1873
    Claims and Accounts  
    Constitutional Amendments  
    Contingent Expenses, Select  
    Engrossed Bills  
    Judiciary No. 2  
    Public Debt  
    Redistricting/Apportionment, Select  
    Rules, Select  
    State Affairs  
    12th Adjourned - 1871
    Contingent Expenses  
    Engrossed Bills (Chair) 
    Public Lands  
    Superintendent of Education  
    12th R.S. - 1871
    Contingent Expenses  
    Engrossed Bills (Chair) 
    Public Lands  
    12th 1st C.S. - 1870
    Contingent Expenses  
    Engrossed Bills (Chair) 
    Loss of Evidence in Contested Election, Select  
    Public Lands  

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