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Updated Bill Statistics, June 8

June 20 is the last day the governor can sign or veto an enrolled bill. If neither action is taken, the bill becomes law without his signature.

To see how these bill statistics have changed and other post-session information, see our previous blog posts on the legislative process.

 

87th Legislature Statistics

The following bill statistics were calculated on June 8 at 12:20 p.m.

 

House Bills (HBs) & Senate Bills (SBs)
Filed 6,927
Sent to the Governor 1,072
Signed by the Governor 404
Filed without the Governor's signature 19
Vetoed by the Governor 1
House Joint Resolutions (HJRs) & Senate Joint Resolutions (SJRs)
Filed 221
Filed with the Secretary of State 8
House Concurrent Resolutions (HCRs) & Senate Concurrent Resolutions (SCRs)
Filed 179
Filed with the Secretary of State 14
Sent to the Governor 86
Signed by the Governor 53
Filed without the Governor's signature 0
Vetoed by the Governor 0

 

What's Next? Post-Session FAQ and Bill Statistics

Bill Statistics:

House Bills (HBs) & Senate Bills (SBs)
Filed 6,927
Sent to the Governor 1,070
Signed by the Governor 182
Filed without the Governor's signature 14
Vetoed by the Governor 1
House Joint Resolutions (HJRs) & Senate Joint Resolutions (SJRs)
Filed 221
Filed with the Secretary of State 8
House Concurrent Resolutions (HCRs) & Senate Concurrent Resolutions (SCRs)
Filed 179
Filed with the Secretary of State 14
Sent to the Governor 86
Signed by the Governor 49
Filed without the Governor's signature 0
Vetoed by the Governor 0

*Statistics as of June 2, 2021, at 1 p.m. See our bill statistics page to compare these numbers with historical statistics.

 

Post-Session FAQ:

What happens now?

The 87th Regular Session ended May 31, 2021. Bills that pass both the House and the Senate are sent to the governor to sign, veto, or allow to become law without his signature.

 

When the Legislature passes a bill, does it become a law right away?

No. Under Article 4, Section 14 of the Texas Constitution, bills passed by the Legislature must be submitted to the governor for approval. The governor can sign a bill, veto it, line-item veto an appropriation, or allow a bill to become law without his signature.

 

How much time does the governor have to act on a bill?

The deadline for the governor to act on a bill is contingent upon the point in time in which the bill is presented to the governor.


If a bill is sent to the governor during the legislative session, the governor has 10 days (excluding Sundays) to sign the bill or return the bill to the Legislature with objection. If after 10 days the bill is not returned to the Legislature by the governor with objections or he has not yet signed it, the bill becomes law as if the governor had signed it.


If the Legislature has adjourned sine die, or if the bill is presented to the governor less than 10 days (excluding Sundays) prior to final adjournment, the governor has 20 days (including Sundays) after the final day of the session to sign or veto the bill. If neither action is taken, the bill becomes law without the governor's signature (Texas Const. art. IV, § 14).


Sunday, June 20, is the 20th day following the final adjournment of the 87th Regular Session. It is the last day the governor can sign or veto bills passed during the 87th Regular Session. The LRL's vetoes database will be updated for the 87th Regular Session as we receive those documents.

 

If the governor approves a bill, when will it take effect?

The text of a bill may include effective date provisions requiring the bill to take effect immediately, to take effect on a specified day, or there may be no mention of an effective date. Different sections of a bill may have different effective dates.


According to Article III, Section 39 of the Texas Constitution, a bill cannot become effective until at least 90 days after the session ends unless the bill passes both chambers with a favorable vote by two-thirds of the members.


Monday, August 30, 2021 is the 91st day following final adjournment; bills that do not specify an effective date and those that did not have the two-thirds vote necessary to take effect earlier will take effect on Monday, August 30, 2021.


If a bill received the votes necessary to become effective immediately, it will take effect on the date of the last action necessary for it to become law. This could be when the governor signs it, when the governor files it with the Secretary of State without approving or vetoing it, or when the time for the governor to act expires, if the bill has not been approved or vetoed during that time.

 

What happens to bills that do not pass?

Bills that do not make it completely through the legislative process die with the end of the session and are not automatically refiled during the next session.

 

What about other types of legislation?

Joint resolutions that pass both chambers of the Legislature are filed with the Secretary of State, and will be on the ballot as a proposed constitutional amendment for the November 2, 2021 election.


Concurrent resolutions generally require action by the governor. Concurrent resolutions used for administrative matters in the House and Senate do not require approval from the governor.


Simple resolutions are passed by only one chamber of the Legislature, and do not require the governor's approval.

 

Where can I find more information about special sessions?

You can start with the LRL's FAQ about special sessions. The LRL website's section devoted to special sessions also includes historical information, links to statutory authority pertaining to special sessions, and more.

 

Sources:

 

Conference Committee Reports and Bill Statistics

The 87th Regular Session ends Monday, May 31. As the end of session nears, many House and Senate members are appointed to conference committees to resolve differences between the versions of a bill passed by their respective chambers. The publication The Legislative Process in Texas provides more information about conference committees.

To see a list of bills for which a conference committee was requested, please click here.

Upon receiving completed conference committee reports, the LRL enters them in the conference committee reports database.

 

You can also find these reports, as well as a list of the members appointed to a bill's conference committee, in the Texas Legislature Online record for each bill.

For example, when looking at the record with the "History" tab for HB 1, 86th R.S., the House and Senate conferees are listed above the Actions table.

 

The conference committee report for HB 1 is located on the record with the "Text" tab.

 

The charts below provide a snapshot of bill statistics for the period of November 9, 2020 — May 28, 2021, as of 8:00 a.m. today.

  House Bills (HBs) &
House Joint Resolutions (HJRs)
Senate Bills (SBs) &
Senate Joint Resolutions (SJRs)
Filed 4,834 2,314
Reported out of committee

1,926

746
Passed by chamber of origin 1,261 672
Referred to committee in opposite chamber 1,157 671
Reported out of committee in opposite chamber 780 576
Passed opposite chamber 608 503
Signed by the Governor 64 78
Filed without the Governor's signature 4 3
Vetoed by the Governor 0 1

Bill Statistics, 133rd Day

Bill statistics comparing the 133rd day of the 87th and the 86th Regular Sessions are below. For information about what happens to a bill after it passes, please see our Legislative FAQ page. To learn more about the legislative process and see bill statistics from earlier points in the 87th Regular Session, check out some of our previous blog posts.

 

Bill statistics for the period of November 9, 2020 — May 24, 2021, are below:

  House Bills (HBs) &
House Joint Resolutions (HJRs)
Senate Bills (SBs) &
Senate Joint Resolutions (SJRs)
Filed 4,834 2,314
Reported out of committee

1,926

746
Passed by chamber of origin 1,261 672
Referred to committee in opposite chamber 1,157 671
Reported out of committee in opposite chamber 777 576
Passed opposite chamber 392 331
Signed by the Governor 52 72
Filed without the Governor's signature 3 3
Vetoed by the Governor 0 1

Bill Statistics & Upcoming Deadlines, May 17

As the 87th Legislature draws to a close, a series of end-of-session deadlines begin to take effect. Below is a list of deadlines that occur next week:

  • Monday, May 24: Deadline for the last House Local & Consent Calendar with Senate bills (SBs) to be distributed.
  • Tuesday, May 25: Last day for the House to consider second reading Senate bills and Senate joint resolutions (SJRs) on the House Daily or Supplemental Calendar.
  • Wednesday, May 26: Last day for the House to consider local and consent Senate bills on second and third reading, and all third reading Senate bills and Senate joint resolutions on the Supplemental Calendar.
    Last day for the Senate to consider all bills and joint resolutions on second or third reading.
  • Thursday, May 27: Deadline for Senate amendments to be distributed in the House.
  • Friday, May 28: Deadline for House copies of conference committee report (CCR) on the general appropriations bill to be distributed.
    Last day for the House to act on Senate amendments.
    Deadline for Senate copies of conference committee reports on tax, general appropriations, and reapportionment bills to be printed and distributed.
  • Saturday, May 29: Deadline for House copies of conference committee reports on bills other than the general appropriations bill to be distributed.
    Deadline for Senate copies of all conference committee reports on bills other than tax, general appropriations, and reapportionment bills to be printed and distributed.
  • Sunday, May 30: Last day for the House to adopt conference committee reports or discharge House conferees and concur in Senate amendments.
    Last day for the Senate to concur in House amendments or adopt conference committee reports.
  • Monday, May 31: Last day of the 87th Regular Session (Sine die); only corrections may be considered in the House and the Senate.

House and Senate calendars are available on the Texas Legislature Online.

 

Bill statistics for the period of November 9, 2020 — May 14, 2021, are below.

  House Bills (HBs) &
House Joint Resolutions (HJRs)
Senate Bills (SBs) &
Senate Joint Resolutions (SJRs)
Filed 4,834 2,314
Reported out of committee

1,926

732
Passed by chamber of origin 1,258 648
Referred to committee in opposite chamber 922 633
Reported out of committee in opposite chamber 224 466
Passed opposite chamber 88 147
Signed by the Governor 4 3

Bill Statistics & Upcoming Deadlines, May 10

As the 87th Legislature draws to a close, a series of end-of-session deadlines begin to take effect. Below is a list of deadlines that occur next week:

  • Wednesday, May 19: Deadline for the House to distribute its last House Local and Consent Calendar with local House bills (HBs).
  • Friday, May 21: Last day for the House to consider local House bills on second and third reading.
    First day the Senate can consider bills and resolutions the first day they are posted on the Senate Notice of Intent Calendar.
  • Saturday, May 22: Last day for House committees to report Senate bills (SBs) and Senate joint resolutions (SJRs).
  • Sunday, May 23: Deadline for the House to distribute its last House Daily Calendar with Senate bills and Senate joint resolutions.

House and Senate calendars are available on the Texas Legislature Online.

 

Bill statistics for the period of November 9, 2020 — May 7, 2021, are below.

  House Bills (HBs) &
House Joint Resolutions (HJRs)
Senate Bills (SBs) &
Senate Joint Resolutions (SJRs)
Filed 4,834 2,309
Reported out of committee

1,917

697
Passed by chamber of origin 776 618
Referred to committee in opposite chamber 364 599
Reported out of committee in opposite chamber 89 321
Passed opposite chamber 45 45
Signed by the Governor 1 2

Bill Statistics & Upcoming Deadlines, May 3

As the 87th Legislature draws to a close, a series of end-of-session deadlines begin to take effect. Below is a list of deadlines that occur next week:

  • Monday, May 10: Last day for House committees to report House bills (HBs) and House joint resolutions (HJRs).
  • Tuesday, May 11: Deadline for the House to distribute the last House Daily Calendar with House bills and House joint resolutions.
  • Wednesday, May 12: Deadline for the House to distribute the last House Local and Consent Calendar with consent House bills.
  • Thursday, May 13: Last day for the House to consider House bills and House joint resolutions on second reading on the House Daily or Supplemental Calendar.
  • Friday, May 14: Last day for the House to consider consent House bills on second and third reading and all third reading House bills or House joint resolutions on the House Supplemental Calendar.

House and Senate calendars are available on the Texas Legislature Online.

 

Bill statistics for the period of November 9, 2020 — April 30, 2021, are below.

  House Bills (HBs) &
House Joint Resolutions (HJRs)
Senate Bills (SBs) &
Senate Joint Resolutions (SJRs)
Filed 4,828 2,296
Reported out of committee

1,789

670
Passed by chamber of origin 617 549
Referred to committee in opposite chamber 178 432
Reported out of committee in opposite chamber 44 150
Passed opposite chamber 36 19
Signed by the Governor 1 2

Texas Legislative Guides: 87th Regular Session

This post includes a list of guides published by Texas legislative agencies to assist you in following the legislative process. These guides will help you track and read a bill, understand the terminology used in the Texas Legislature, learn about issues facing the Legislature, and much more.

 

The Legislative Process in Texas, prepared by the Texas Legislative Council (2021).
Summarizes how legislation moves from introduced bill to signed law.

Reading Statutes and Bills, prepared by the Texas Legislative Council.
Presents a basic overview of Texas statutes and bills, as well as tips for reading and understanding them. (Now an online source; previously was available as a PDF.)

Texas Legislative Glossary, prepared by the Texas Legislative Council.
Defines terms related to the legislative process in Texas. (Now an online source; previously was available as a PDF.)

Research Spotlight: Legislative Lexicon, prepared by the Senate Research Center (2021).
Provides definitions of words, terms, and phrases used in the Legislature.

Writing the State Budget: 87th Legislature, prepared by the House Research Organization (2021).
Outlines the budget writing process in Texas and defines key terms.

Budget 101: A Guide to the Budget Process in Texas, prepared by the Senate Research Center (2021).
Explains how the budget is developed in Texas; designed for new staff or those unfamiliar with the budget process.

Topics for the 87th Legislature, prepared by the House Research Organization (2021).
Highlights many of the issues the 87th Legislature may consider during its 2021 regular session.

Guide to 2021 Redistricting, prepared by the Texas Legislative Council (2020).
Provides an introduction to issues and constraints affecting statewide redistricting following the 2020 decennial census.

Bill Filing Deadline Statistics, 87th Legislature

Friday, March 12th marked the 60-day bill filing deadline for the 87th Regular Session. When the deadline had passed, a total of 6,919 bills and joint resolutions had been filed. How does this compare to previous sessions?

 

Bills and Joint Resolutions 86th Regular Session
(Nov. 12, 2018 — March 8, 2019)
87th Regular Session
(Nov. 9, 2020 — March 12, 2021)
House filed 4,773 4,728
Senate filed 2,508 2,191
Total filed 7,281 6,919
House referred to committee 2,481 1,979
Senate referred to committee 1,380 1,001
Total referred to committee 3,861 2,980
House scheduled for hearing 230 100
Senate scheduled for hearing 79 17
Total scheduled for hearing 309 117
House reported out of committee 40 9
Senate reported out of committee 32 2
Total reported out of committee 72 11

Prefiling Statistics, 87th Regular Session

In Texas, the Rules of the House of Representatives of the State of Texas (Rule 8, Section 7) and the Senate Rules (Rule 7.04(a)) allow legislators to prefile bills "beginning the first Monday after the general election preceding the next regular legislative session."

 

Prefiling for the 87th Texas Legislature began on Monday, November 9, the first Monday after the general election on Tuesday, November 3. On November 9, a total of 541 bills and joint resolutions were filed in the House and Senate.

 

The following are the number of bills and joint resolutions prefiled during the first week of the 87th Regular Session:

87th Regular Session – Prefiled Bills and Joint Resolutions
(11/09/2020–11/13/2020)
HB/HJR 576
SB/SJR 169
Total 745

 

How do these numbers compare to previous sessions? The following are the number of bills and joint resolutions filed during the first week of the last four regular sessions:

86th Regular Session – Prefiled Bills and Joint Resolutions
(11/12/2018–11/16/2018)
HB/HJR 382
SB/SJR 184
Total 566

 

85th Regular Session – Prefiled Bills and Joint Resolutions
(11/14/2016–11/18/2016)
HB/HJR 389
SB/SJR 239
Total 628

 

84th Regular Session – Prefiled Bills and Joint Resolutions
(11/10/2014–11/14/2014)
HB/HJR 282
SB/SJR 172
Total 454

 

83rd Regular Session – Prefiled Bills and Joint Resolutions
(11/12/2012-11/16/2012)
HB/HJR 203
SB/SJR 106
Total 309

Chart comparing the number of bills and joint resolutions filed during the first week of prefiling from the past five legislative sessions.

For a general overview of bill prefiling, see our previous blog post, Bill Prefiling FAQs.

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