LRL Home - Points of Interest - Members of the Legislature

Freshmen in the Texas Legislature, 61st-86th Legislatures

Every few years, we update our comparison across Legislatures of the percent of freshmen at the beginning of each regular session. Here's our first post from 2012 on the topic (which explains some of the reasons for unusually high numbers), and the 2014 and 2017 updates.

 

Below you can see how the numbers compared over the past 50 years, from 1969-2019 (61st-86th Legislatures). Please note that we defined freshmen as new legislators sworn in during the first day or week of the regular session. Members who first served during a called session of a legislature are counted as freshmen members of that legislature. Excluded are members who were elected to a legislature but never sworn in due to death, resignation, or other factors.

 

You can see these and other figures on our member statistics page. Exact percentage of freshmen each session can be found here.

 

Percentage of freshmen in the Texas Legislature

 

Data compiled from the library's Texas Legislators: Past and Present database

Members Not Returning, 87th Legislature

Below is a list of members (as of January 10, 2020) not returning to the 87th Texas Legislature in their current offices. Note that regardless of election outcomes, all of these legislators will keep their respective seats until January 2021, unless they resign earlier.

To learn more about who will be on the primary ballots, information about candidates by county and party is available on the Texas Secretary of State's candidate ballot order page.

 

Rep. César Blanco Running for Texas Senate
Rep. Dwayne Bohac Retiring
Rep. Dennis Bonnen Retiring
Rep. Jessica Farrar Resigned effective 9/30/2019
Rep. Eric Johnson Elected Mayor of Dallas, sworn in 6/17/2019
Rep. Mike Lang Running for Hood County Commissioner
Rep. Rick Miller Retiring
Poncho Nevárez Retiring
Rep. Jonathan Stickland Retiring
Rep. John Wray Retiring
Rep. Bill Zedler Retiring
Rep. John Zerwas Retiring to take new position as Executive Vice Chancellor of Health Affairs, The University of Texas System; resignation effective 9/30/19
Sen. José Rodríguez Retiring

 

Legislative Families: Grandchildren, Cousins, In-Laws, and More!

In previous posts on legislative families, we have looked at legislative spouses, siblings, and parents/children. In the final post, we are highlighting the extended family. Many legislators come from families that have devoted countless hours of time and energy to the Texas Legislature. See who has followed in legislative family footsteps over the generations.*

  • Barclay-Lindsey family

    • James Walter Barclay served in the House, 1859–1866 (8th–10th)

      • father-in-law to Dave Lindsey, grandfather to John Lindsey
    • David Sudduth Lindsey served in the House, 1893–1897 (23rd–24th)
      • son-in-law to James Barclay, father to John Lindsey
    • John Lindsey served in the House, 1921–1923 (37th)
      • son to Dave Lindsey, grandson to James Barclay

  • Bee-Tarver family

    • Hamilton Prioleau Bee served in the House, 1851–1859 (3rd–7th)

      • brother-in-law to Edward Tarver, father of Carlos Bee
    • Edward Rex Tarver served in the House, 1895–1897 (24th), 1899–1900 (26th)
      • brother-in-law to Hamilton Bee, uncle to Carlos Bee
    • Carlos Bee served in the Senate, 1915–1919 (34th–35th)
      • son to Hamilton Bee, nephew to Edward Tarver

  • Benavides family

    • Bacilio Benavides served in the House, 1859–1861 (8th)

      • uncle to Santos Benavides
    • Santos Benavides served in the House, 1879–1885 (16th–18th)
      • nephew to Bacilio Benavides

  • Blount-Owsley family

    • J.M. Blount served in the Senate, 1866–1870 (11th)

      • father to James P. Blount
    • James P. Blount served in the House, 1885–1887 (19th)
      • son to J.M. Blount, brother-in-law to J.G. Kearby
    • J.G. Kearby served in the Senate, 1891–1895 (22nd–23rd)
      • brother-in-law to James P. Blount
    • Alvin Clark Owsley served in the House, 1889–1892 (21st–22nd), and 1895–1897 (24th)
      • father to Alvin M. Owsley, son-in-law to J.M. Blount, brother-in-law to James P. Blount
    • Alvin M. Owsley served in the House, 1913–1915 (33rd)
      • son to Alvin C. Owsley, nephew to James P. Blount, grandson to J.M. Blount

  • Bourland-Day-Manion family

    • William H. Bourland served in the House, 1846–1849 (1st–2nd), and 1853–1855 (5th)

      • brother to James Bourland
    • James G. Bourland served in the Senate, 1846–1849 (1st–2nd)
      • brother to William H. Bourland, father-in-law to Samuel Day and A.B. Manion
    • Samuel Day served in the House, 1873–1874 (13th)
      • son-in-law to James Bourland, brother-in-law to Austin Brooks Manion
    • Austin Brooks Manion served in the House, 1876–1879 (15th)
      • son-in-law to James Bourland, brother-in-law to Samuel Day

  • Burleson-Loyd-Negley family

    • Edward Burleson served in the Senate, 1846–1851 (1st–4th)

      • great-uncle to A.J. Loyd, great-grandfather to Laura Burleson Negley
    • Andrew Jackson Loyd served in the House, 1899–1901 (26th)
      • great-nephew to Edward Burleson
    • Laura Burleson Negley served in the House, 1929–1931 (41st)
      • great-granddaughter to Edward Burleson

  • Camp family

    • John Lafayette Camp, Sr. served in the Senate, 1874–1875 (14th)

      • father to John L. Camp, Jr., grandfather to W. Nunnelee Camp
    • John Lafayette Camp, Jr. served in the Senate, 1885–1889 (19th–20th)
      • son to John L. Camp, Sr., uncle to W. Nunnelee Camp
    • W. Nunnelee Camp served in the House, 1911–1912 (32nd)
      • nephew to John L. Camp, Jr., grandson to John L. Camp, Sr.

  • Canales family

    • José Tomás Canales served in the House, 1905–1911 (29th–31st) and 1917–1921 (35th–36th)

      • uncle to Terry Canales, great-uncle to Gabi Canales and Terry A. Canales
    • Terry A. Canales served in the House, 1973–1977 (63rd–64th)
      • father to Gabi Canales and Terry A. Canales, nephew to J.T. Canales
    • Gabi Canales served in the House, 2003–2005 (78th)
      • daughter of Terry A. Canales, sister of Terry Canales, great-niece to J.T. Canales
    • Terry Canales serves in the House, 2013–present (83rd–86th)
      • son of Terry A. Canales, brother of Gabi Canales, great-nephew to J.T. Canales

  • Cocke family

    • Frederick Bird Smith Cocke, Sr. served in the House, 1861–1863 (9th), and 1879–1881 (16th)

      • father to Fred Cocke, Jr. and J.R. Cocke, grandfather to William A. Cocke
    • James Rogers Cocke served in the House, 1893–1897 (23rd–24th)
      • son to Frederick Cocke, Sr., brother to Fred Cocke, Jr., uncle to William A. Cocke
    • Frederick Bird Smith Cocke, Jr. served in the House, 1899–1901 (26th)
      • son to Frederick Cocke, Sr., brother to J.R. Cocke, uncle to William A. Cocke
    • William Alexander Cocke served in the House, 1907–1909 (30th)
      • grandson to Frederick Cocke, Sr., nephew to J.R. Cocke and Fred Cocke, Jr.

  • Crabb family

    • Hillary Crabb served in the House, 1853 (4th) and 1855–1857 (6th)

      • great-grandfather to Joe Crabb
    • Joe Crabb served in the House, 1993–2011 (73rd–81st)
      • great-grandson to Hillary Crabb

  • Cuellar-Martinez family

    • Renato Cuellar served in the House, 1987–1997 (70th–74th)

      • uncle to Armando Martinez
    • Armando Martinez serves in the House, 2005–present (79th–86th)
      • nephew to Renato Cuellar

  • Daniel family

    • Price Daniel, Sr. served in the House, 1939–1945 (46th–48th)

      • brother to Bill Daniel, father to Price Daniel, Jr.
    • Bill Daniel served in the House, 1949–1955 (51st–53rd)
      • brother to Price Daniel, Sr., uncle to Price Daniel, Jr.
    • Price Daniel, Jr. served in the House, 1969–1975 (61st–63rd)
      • son to Price Daniel, Sr., nephew to Bill Daniel

  • De La Garza family

    • Eligio De La Garza served in the House, 1953–1965 (53rd–58th)

      • uncle to Eddie De La Garza
    • Eddie De La Garza served in the House, 1991–1997 (72nd–74th)
      • nephew to Eligio De La Garza

  • Dies family

    • W.W. Dies served in the House, 1897–1901 (25th–26th)

      • uncle to Martin Dies, Jr.
    • Martin Dies served in the Senate, 1959–1967 (56th–59th)
      • nephew to W.W. Dies

  • Dougherty-Leo family

    • Edward Dougherty served in the House, 1859–1861 (8th)

      • father-in-law to Alexander Leo, Jr.
    • Alexander Leo, Jr. served in the House, 1883 (18th)
      • son-in-law to Edward Dougherty

  • Dunnam family

    • W.V. Dunnam, Sr. served in the House, 1917–1919 (35th)

      • grandfather to Jim Dunnam
    • Jim Dunnam served in the House, 1997–2011 (75th–81st)
      • grandson to W.V. Dunnam

  • Durant family

    • John Durant served in the Senate, 1861–1866 (9th–10th)

      • uncle to William Durant
    • William Durant served in the House, 1883–1885 (18th)
      • nephew to John Durant

  • Farrar-Duff family

    • Bowd Farrar served in the House, 1925–1933 (39th–42nd)

      • uncle to Virginia Duff
    • Virginia Elizabeth Duff served in the House, 1951–1963 (52nd–57th)
      • niece to Bowd Farrar

  • Faubion family

    • James Henry Faubion served in the House, 1885–1891 (19th–21st), 1893–1895 (23rd), and in the Senate, 1903–1905 (28th)

      • uncle to H.E. Faubion
    • Herbert Elmo Faubion served in the House, 1919–1925 (36th–38th)
      • nephew to J.H. Faubion

  • Few-Lewis family

    • William Allen Few served in the House, 1933–1934 (43rd)

      • father-in-law to Don A. Lewis
    • Donald A. Lewis served in the House, 1947–1951 (50th–51st)
      • son-in-law to W.A. Few

  • Fowler family

    • John H. Fowler served in the House, 1853–1855 (5th)

      • great-uncle to G.R. Fowler
    • Godfrey Rees Fowler served in the House, 1903–1905 (28th)
      • great-nephew to John H. Fowler

  • Fly family

    • George Washington Lafayette Fly served in the House, 1881–1883 (17th)

      • father to William Madden Fly, grandfather to William Stoner Fly
    • William Madden Fly served in the House, 1915–1923 (34th–37th), and 1926–1929 (39th–40th)
      • son to George Washington Lafayette Fly, uncle to William Stoner Fly
    • William Stoner Fly served in the House, 1947–1953 (50th–52nd), and in the Senate, 1954–1961 (53rd–56th)
      • grandson to George Washington Lafayette Fly, nephew to William Madden Fly

  • Garrison-Carter-Sanford family

    • Caleb Jackson Garrison served in the House, 1876–1881 (15th–16th), and 1883–1885 (18th), and in the Senate, 1885–1889 (20th)

      • brother to T.S. Garrison, uncle to E.H. Carter, great-uncle to Gary B. Sanford
    • Thomas Smith Garrison served in the House, 1897–1899 (25th)
      • brother to C.J. Garrison, uncle to E.H. Carter, grandfather to Gary B. Sanford
    • E.H. Carter served in the Senate, 1911–1914 (32nd–33rd)
      • nephew to C.J. and T.S. Garrison, cousin-once-removed to Gary B. Sanford
    • Gary Bonner Sanford served in the House, 1922–1927 (37th–39th)
      • grandson to T.S. Garrison, great-nephew to C.J. Garrison, cousin-once-removed to E.H. Carter

  • Guinn-Hearne family

    • Robert Guinn served in the Senate, 1853–1870 (5th–11th)

      • brother-in-law to D.T. Hearne
    • D.T. Hearne served in the House, 1883–1887 (18th–19th)
      • brother-in-law to Robert Guinn

  • Hamilton-Perry-Ratliff family

    • David Henry Hamilton served in the House, 1893–1895 (23rd)

      • great-great-grandfather to Rick Perry
    • Rick Perry served in the House, 1985–1991 (69th–71st)
      • great-great-grandson to D.H. Hamilton
    • Dennis Pace Ratliff served in the House, 1931–1935 (42nd–43rd)
      • grandfather-in-law to Rick Perry

  • Hogg family Gov. James Hogg is Joseph's son and Mike's father.

    • Joseph Lewis Hogg served in the Senate, 1846 (1st)

      • grandfather to Mike Hogg
    • Mike Hogg served in the House, 1927–1931 (40th–41st)
      • grandson to Joseph L. Hogg

  • Holland family William is believed to be one of Bird Holland's sons by an enslaved woman. Bird bought the brothers' freedom and took them to Ohio.

    • Spearman Holland served in the House, 1846–1847 (1st), 1857–1859 (7th), and 1861–1863 (9th), and in the Senate, 1863–1866 (10th)

      • brother to Bird Holland, father to James Holland, uncle^ to William Holland
    • Bird Holland served in the House, 1853–1855 (5th)
      • brother to Spearman Holland, father^ to William Holland, uncle to James Holland
    • William H. Holland served in the House, 1876–1879 (15th)
      • son^ to Bird Holland, nephew^ to Spearman Holland, cousin^ to James Holland
    • James K. Holland served in the House, 1849–1851 (3rd), and 1863 (9th), and in the Senate, 1853–1855 (5th)
      • son to Spearman Holland, nephew to Bird Holland, cousin^ to William Holland

  • Jackson-Denny family

    • Robert Hal Jackson served in the House, 1947–1951 (50th–51st)

      • second cousin to Mary Denny
    • Mary Denny served in the House, 1993–2007 (1993–2007)
      • second cousin to Robert Hal Jackson

  • Jolley-Bock family

    • James Jolley served in the House, 1885–1887 (19th)

      • great-grandfather to Bennie Bock II
    • Bennie Bock II served in the House, 1973–983 (63rd–67th)
      • great-grandson to James Jolley

  • Jones-Mills family

    • Henry Jones served in the House, 1846–1847 (1st)

      • father-in-law to Roger Quarles Mills, grandfather to Charles Mills
    • Roger Quarles Mills served in the House, 1859–1861 (8th)
      • son-in-law to Henry Jones, father to Charles Mills
    • Charles H. Mills served in the House, 1913–1915 (33rd)
      • son to Roger Quarles Mills, grandson to Henry Jones

  • Jones family

    • Wiley Jones served in the House, 1863–1866

      • father-in-law to John Mathis
    • John Manson Mathis served in the House, 1918–1919 (35th), and 1931–1935 (42nd–43rd)
      • son-in-law to Wiley Jones

  • Jones family

    • Benjamin Franklin Jones served in the House, 1879–1881 (16th)

      • brother to Charles H. Jones and W.H. Jones, father to J.S. Jones
    • Charles Hill Jones served in the House, 1866–1870 (11th)
      • brother to Benjamin Jones and W.H. Jones, uncle to J.S. Jones
    • William H. Jones served in the House, 1876–1879 (15th), and 1885–1887 (19th)
      • brother to Benjamin Jones and Charles H. Jones, uncle to J.S. Jones
    • James Slaughter Jones served in the House, 1901–1903 (27th)
      • son to Benjamin Jones, nephew to Charles H. Jones and W.H. Jones

  • Lea-Boothe family

    • Pryor Lea served in the Senate, 1861–1866 (9th–10th)

      • grandfather-in-law to Joseph Boothe
    • Joseph Boothe served in the House, 1887–1889 (20th)
      • grandson-in-law to Pryor Lea

  • Mauritz-Patman family

    • Fred Mauritz served in the House, 1935–1939 (44th–45th), and in the Senate, 1941–1947 (47th–50th)

      • father-in-law to Bill Patman
    • William N. Patman served in the Senate, 1961–1981 (57th–66th)
      • son-in-law to Fred Mauritz

  • Maverick family

    • Samuel Augustus Maverick served in the House, 1851–1855, and 1859–1863 (8th–9th), and in the Senate, 1855–1859 (6th–7th)

      • great-grandfather to Maury Maverick
    • Maury Maverick served in the House, 1951–1957 (52nd–54th)
      • great-grandson to Samuel Maverick

  • McLane-Pierce family

    • Charles McLane served in the Senate, 1882–1883 (17th)

      • stepfather to C.C. Pierce
    • C.C. Pierce served in the House, 1907–1910 (30th–31st)
      • stepson to Charles McLane

  • Meyer-Gattis family

    • Charles J.H. Meyer served in the House, 1893–1895 (23rd)

      • great-great-grandfather to Dan Gattis
    • Dan Gattis served in the House, 2003–2011 (78th–81st)
      • great-great-grandson to C.J.H. Meyer

  • Mobley family

  • Moursund family

    • Albert W.H. Moursund served in the House, 1881–1885 (17th–18th)

      • father to Anton N. Moursund, grandfather to Albert Moursund III
    • Anton N. Moursund served in the House, 1901–1903 (27th)
      • son to A.W. Moursund, Sr., father to Travis Moursund, uncle to Albert Moursund III
    • Albert Wadel Moursund III served in the House, 1949–1953 (51st–52nd)
      • grandson to A.W. Moursund, Sr., cousin to Travis Moursund
    • Travis Bruce Moursund served in the House, 1927–1929 (40th)
      • son to Anton N. Moursund, grandson to A.W. Moursund, Sr., cousin to Albert Moursund III

  • Munson family

    • Mordello Stephen Munson served in the House, 1857–1861 (7th–8th), 1866–1870 (11th), and 1875–1876 (14th)

      • father to Milam Stephen Munson, Sr., grandfather to Milam Stephen Munson, Jr.
    • Milam Stephen Munson, Sr. served in the House, 1909–1911 (31st)
      • son to Mordello Stephen Munson, father to Milam Stephen Munson, Jr.
    • Milam Stephen Munson, Jr. served in the House, 1931–1935 (42nd–43rd)
      • son to Milam Stephen Munson, Jr., grandson to Mordello Stephen Munson

  • Patton-Jordan family

    • Edward Patton served in the House, 1891–1893 (22nd)

      • great-grandfather to Barbara Jordan
    • Barbara Jordan served in the Senate, 1967–1973 (60th–62nd)
      • great-granddaughter to Edward Patton

  • Perry-Stevenson-Murr family

    • Henry Grady Perry served in the House, 1921–1923 (37th), and 1949–1953 (51st–52nd)

      • father to Wilbur Wright Perry, brother-in-law to Coke Robert Stevenson
    • Wilbur Wright Perry served in the House, 1953–1955 (53rd)
      • son to H. Grady Perry
    • Coke Robert Stevenson served in the House, 1929–1939 (41st–45th)
      • brother-in-law to H. Grady Perry, grandfather to Andrew Murr
    • Andrew Murr serves in the House, 2015–present (84th–86th)
      • grandson to Coke Robert Stevenson

  • Rains-Barrett family

    • Emory Rains served in the House, 1847–1849 (2nd), 1851–1853 (4th–5th), and in the Senate, 1859–1861 (8th)

      • great-uncle to Eli B. Barrett
    • Eli Brown Barrett served in the House, 1921–1925 (37th–38th), and 1933–1935 (43rd)
      • great-nephew to Emory Rains

  • Rowland-Gough family

    • James Franklin Rowland served in the House, 1889–1893 (21st–22nd)

      • uncle to James Rowland Gough
    • James Rowland Gough served in the House, 1891–1897 (22nd–24th), and in the Senate, 1897–1901 (25th–26th)
      • nephew to J.F. Rowland

  • Runnels family

    • Hiram George Runnels elected but never sworn (7th)

      • uncle to Hardin Runnels and Howell Runnels
    • Hardin Richard Runnels served in the House, 1847–1855 (2nd–5th)
      • brother to Howell Runnels, nephew to Hiram G. Runnels
    • Howell Runnels served in the House, 1855–1859 (6th–7th)
      • brother to Hardin Runnels, nephew to Hiram G. Runnels

  • Russell family

    • William Jarvis Russell served in the House, 1849–1851 (3rd)

      • father to William H. Russell, grandfather to W.J. Russell
    • William H. Russell served in the Senate, 1874–1876 (14th)
      • son to William Jarvis Russell, father to W.J. Russell
    • William Jarvis Russell served in the House, 1893–1895 (23rd), and 1899–1905 (26th–28th)
      • son to William H. Russell, grandson to William Jarvis Russell

  • Shepard family

    • James Shepard served in the House, 1850–1851 (3rd), and 1856–1857 (6th)

      • brother to Chauncy Shepard, uncle to Seth Shepard
    • Chauncy Shepard served in the Senate, 1857–1866 (7th–10th)
      • brother to James Shepard, father to Seth Shepard
    • Seth Shepard served in the Senate, 1874–1876 (14th)
      • son to Chauncy Shepard, nephew to James Shepard

  • Stewart family

    • William Henry Stewart served in the House, 1848–1851 (2nd–3rd), and 1859–1861 (8th)

      • grandfather to Maco Stewart, Jr., great-grandfather to Maco Stewart III
    • Maco Stewart, Jr. served in the House, 1923–1925 (38th)
      • father to Maco Stewart III, grandson to William H. Stewart
    • Maco Stewart III served in the House, 1961–1963 (57th)
      • son to Maco Stewart, Jr., great-grandson to William H. Stewart

  • Stollenwerck family

  • Tarlton-Morrow-Farenthold family

    • Benjamin Tarlton served in the House, 1881–1883 (17th), and 1885–1887 (19th)

      • brother-in-law to W.C. Morrow, grandfather to Frances "Sissy" Farenthold
    • W.C. Morrow served in the Senate, 1913–1917 (33rd–34th)
      • brother-in-law to Benjamin Tarlton, great-uncle to Frances "Sissy" Farenthold
    • Frances "Sissy" Farenthold served in the House, 1969–1973 (61st–62nd)
      • granddaughter to Benjamin Tarlton, great-niece to W.C. Morrow

  • Terrell family

    • Henry Berryman Terrell served in the House, 1901–1909 (27th–30th), and in the Senate, 1909–1915 (31st–34th)

      • brother to George Terrell, uncle to J. Turney Terrell
    • George Butler Terrell served in the House, 1899–1903 (26th–27th), 1907–1913 (30th–32nd), 1917–1920 (35th–36th), and 1931–1933 (42nd)
      • brother to H.B. Terrell, father to J. Turney Terrell
    • J. Turney Terrell served in the House, 1930–1933 (41st–42nd)
      • son to George Terrell, nephew to H.B. Terrell

  • Thurmond family

    • Pulaski A. Thurmond served in the House, 1863 (9th)

      • brother to George Thurmond and Alfred Thurmond
    • Alfred Thurmond served in the House, 1866–1870 (11th), and 1873–1874 (13th)
      • brother to George Thurmond and Pulaski Thurmond
    • George Murat Thurmond served in the House, 1901–1903 (27th)
      • brother to Alfred Thurmond and Pulaski Thurmond, father to Roger H. Thurmond, grandfather to George M. Thurmond and Roger H. Thurmond, Jr.
    • Roger Harold Thurmond served in the House, 1929 (41st)
      • son of George Thurmond, father to George M. Thurmond and Roger H. Thurmond, Jr., nephew to Alfred Thurmond and Pulaski Thurmond
    • George Murat Thurmond served in the House, 1955–1959 (54th–55th)
      • grandson of George M. Thurmond, great-nephew of Alfred Thurmond and Pulaski Thurmond
    • Roger H. Thurmond, Jr. served from 1959–1967 (56th–59th)
      • grandson of George M. Thurmond, great-nephew of Alfred Thurmond and Pulaski Thurmond

  • Truitt-Stephens family

    • James Alfred Truitt served in the Senate, 1846–1849 (1st–2nd), 1851–1853 (4th), 1855–1859 (6th–7th), and 1866–1870 (11th)

      • grandfather to James W. Truitt, John H. Truitt, and J.H. Stephens
    • Alfred M. Truit served in the Senate, 1849–1851 (3rd)
      • son of James Alfred Truitt, uncle^ to James W. Truitt and John H. Truitt
    • James W. Truitt served in the House, 1881–1883 (17th), and 1891–1895 (22nd–23rd)
      • brother to John H. Truitt, grandson to James Alfred Truitt, nephew^ to Alfred M. Truitt, cousin^ to J.H. Stephens
    • John Hays Truitt served in the House, 1887–1889 (20th)
      • brother to James W. Truitt, grandson to James Alfred Truitt, nephew^ to Alfred M. Truitt, cousin^ to J.H. Stephens
    • John Hall Stephens served in the House, 1889–1893 (21st–22nd)
      • grandson to James Alfred Truitt, cousin^ to James W. Truitt and John H. Truitt

  • Wurzbach-Kleberg-Eckhardt family

    • Charles Louis Wurzbach served in the House, 1876–1885 (15th–18th), and 1891–1892 (22nd)

      • father to William Wurzbach, grandfather to Bob Eckhardt
    • William Augustus Wurzbach served in the House, 1895–1897 (24th)
      • son to Charles Wurzbach, uncle to Bob Eckhardt
    • Marcellus Eugene Kleberg served in the House, 1873–1874 (13th)
      • brother to Rudolph Kleberg, uncle to Robert J. Eckhardt, great-uncle to Bob Eckhardt
    • Rudolph Kleberg served in the Senate, 1883–1886 (18th–19th)
      • brother to Marcellus Kleberg, uncle to Robert J. Eckhardt, great-uncle to Bob Eckhardt
    • Robert J. Eckhardt served in the Senate, 1915–1917 (34th)
      • uncle to Bob Eckhardt, nephew to Rudolph Kleberg, nephew to Marcellus Kleberg
    • Robert C. "Bob" Eckhardt served in the House, 1959–1967 (56th–59th)
      • grandson to Charles Wurzbach, nephew to William Wurzbach, nephew to Robert J. Eckhardt, great-nephew to Rudolph Kleberg, great-nephew to Marcellus Kleberg

*Many of the fathers and sons were "Senior" and "Junior," or at least shared the same first name. If we did not find indication of nicknames, we used "FirstName, Sr./Jr." on the second reference. In cases where we believe legislators had a preference for a nickname or abbreviated name, we used that name on the second reference. Names are in chronological order within family groups. We've attempted to identify all of the legislative extended families, but let us know if you think we missed some! This information is provided as a public service by the Legislative Reference Library. The Legislative Reference Library makes no representation as to its completeness or accuracy and makes no warranty in regard to its use. Users assume all risk of reliance on the information included on this site.

 
^ denotes where we are fairly certain of a familial connection but do not have sufficient documentation. Let us know if you can help confirm or deny our hunches!

Legislative Families: Parents and Children

Leading by example is not just for parents teaching their children to have good manners and be good sports—some children are inspired by their parents' leadership and follow their footsteps into legislative careers. Between 1846 and 2019, more than 100 parent-children sets have served in the Texas Legislature.*

As with the legislative siblings, some parents/children's service overlapped:

  • Oscar Dudley Baker and Oscar Lindsey Baker ^

    • O.D. served in the House, 1921–1925 (37th–38th)
    • Oscar served in the House, 1923–1927 (38th–39th)
  • Spearman Holland and James K. Holland
    • Spearman served in the House, 1846–1847 (1st), 1857–1859 (7th), and 1861–1863 (9th), and in the Senate, 1863–1866 (10th)
    • James served in the House, 1849–1851 (3rd), and 1863 (9th), and in the Senate, 1853–1855 (5th)
  • Eddie Lucio, Jr. and Eddie Lucio III
    • Eddie, Jr. served in the House, 1987–1991 (70th–71st), and serves in the Senate, 1991–present (72nd–86th)
    • Eddie III serves in the House, 2007–present (80th–86th)
  • William Rowland Newton and George Mayo Newton In HCR 20, 46R, W.R.'s memorial resolution, he and George were recognized as "the only combination of a son and father team in each branch of the Legislature at the same time, from the same district, in the history of the Legislature."
    • W.R. served in the Senate, 1937–1938 (45th)
    • George served in the House, 1935–1939 (44th–45th)
  • George Butler Terrell and J. Turney Terrell
    • George served in the House, 1899–1903 (26th–27th), 1907–1913 (30th–32nd), 1917–1920 (35th–36th), and 1931–1933 (42nd)
    • J. Turney served in the House, 1930–1933 (41st–42nd)

Most parents and children served in different years:

*This blog post is the third in a series, with previous posts on legislative spouses and legislative siblings, and a post to come on other family connections. We've attempted to identify all of the legislative parents/children, but let us know if you think we missed some! This information is provided as a public service by the Legislative Reference Library. The Legislative Reference Library makes no representation as to its completeness or accuracy and makes no warranty in regard to its use. Users assume all risk of reliance on the information included on this site.

 

^Many of the fathers and sons were "Senior" and "Junior," or at least shared the same first name. If we did not find indication of nicknames, we used "FirstName, Sr./Jr." on the second reference. In cases where we believe legislators had a preference for a nickname or abbreviated name, we used that name on the second reference.

 

Legislative Families: Siblings

The Texas Legislature has seen many siblings who have legislative service in common. As of 2019, there have been 46 sibling sets!* Read on for a list of brothers and sisters who have shared time in the Capitol (along with some interesting details about a few of these family units).

 

Ten sets of siblings have had overlap in their years of service (though not necessarily in the same chamber): 

  • Dennis Bonnen and Greg Bonnen

    • Dennis serves in the House, 1997–present (75th–86th)
    • Greg serves in the House, 2013–present (83rd–86th)
  • William H. Bourland and James G. Bourland
    • William served in the House, 1846–1849 (1st–2nd), and 1853–1855 (5th)
    • James served in the Senate, 1846–1849 (1st–2nd)
  • James Washington Guinn and Robert Guinn
    • Robert served in the Senate, 1853–1870 (5th–11th)
    • James served in the House, 1863–1866 (10th–11th)
  • Ross Hardin and Doss Hardin The first and only twins to serve in the Texas Legislature. Read a speech given by Doss Hardin at Baylor University's 1939 "Convention of Twins" that was read into the Senate Journal record.
    • Ross served in the House, 1935–1941 (44th–46th)
    • Doss served in the Senate, 1938–1940 (45th–46th)
  • Jim Keffer and Bill Keffer
    • Jim served in the House, 1997–2017 (75th–84th)
    • Bill served in the House, 2003–2007 (78th–79th)
  • William Henry Pope and Alexander Pope In an act of brotherly devotion, Alexander died when shot by W.T.S. Keller "while endeavoring to prevent him from shooting his brother, W.H. Pope" during a child custody trial. William was shot but survived the assault.
    • William served in the Senate, 1883–1893 (18th–22nd)
    • Alexander served in the House, 1887–1889 (20th–21st)
  • Joseph Draper Sayers and William Sayers
    • Joseph served in the Senate, 1873–1874 (13th)
    • William served in the House, 1873–1876 (13th–14th)
  • Henry Berryman Terrell and George Butler Terrell The Terrells appear to be the first brothers to serve at the same time, in the same chamber.
    • H.B. served in the House, 1901–1909 (27th–30th), and in the Senate, 1909–1915 (31st–34th)
    • George served in the House, 1899–1903 (26th–27th), 1907–1913 (30th–32nd), 1917–1920 (35th–36th), and 1931–1933 (42nd)
  • Carlos Uresti and Tomas Uresti
    • Carlos served in the House, 1997–2006 (75th–79th), and in the Senate, 2006–2018 (79th–85th)
    • Tomas served in the House, 2017–2019 (85th)
  • Phillip L. Willis and Doyle Willis The Willis brothers are noted as the first siblings to serve two consecutive terms together in the Texas House of Representatives (HR 95, 74R).
    • Phillip served in in the House, 1947–1949 (50th–51st)
    • Doyle served in the House, 1947–1953 (50th–52nd), 1969–1971 (61st), and 1973–1997 (63rd–74th), and in the Senate, 1953–1963 (53rd–57th) 

No siblings have served at the same time in the Senate, according to our research.

 

Other siblings served in the Legislature at different times:

*This blog post is the second in a series, with a previous post on legislative spouses, and posts to come on legislative parents/children, and other family connections. We've attempted to identify all of the legislative siblings, but let us know if you think we missed some! This information is provided as a public service by the Legislative Reference Library. The Legislative Reference Library makes no representation as to its completeness or accuracy and makes no warranty in regard to its use. Users assume all risk of reliance on the information included on this site.

 

Former Members Day and Speaker's Reunion Day 2019

Former Members Day

The Texas Senate will be celebrating Former Members Day on Thursday, April 4. This event is an opportunity to recognize those who have served in the Texas Senate.

 

This time-honored tradition will include a dinner on April 3, and a reception the following morning. Lieutenant Governor Dan Patrick and current members of the Texas Senate will recognize former members on the Senate floor on April 4.

 

In addition, the names of senators who have died since the previous Former Members Day will be read on the floor and copies of the Senate's biennial publication, A State of Remembrance, will be distributed.

 

 

 

Speaker's Reunion Day

The Texas House of Representatives will be celebrating Speaker's Reunion Day on Friday, April 5. This time-honored tradition — which dates back to 1876 — was originally known as Speaker's Day.

 

In 1995, HB 1527, 74th Legislature, became law, officially designating a day to honor all former members of the Texas House of Representatives; it also changed the name to Speaker's Reunion Day. Now, this biennial event continues to be an opportunity for all current and former members to congregate and celebrate their service to the State of Texas.

 

This year, Speaker Dennis Bonnen has invited all former House members for breakfast at the Capitol, an introduction on the House floor, and a barbecue lunch on the Capitol grounds. Members who served in the House back to the 1950s will be attending the event.

 

 

Texas Legislators: Past & Present

 

For information about current and former members of the Texas Senate and the Texas House of Representatives, search the Texas Legislators: Past and Present database.

 

The library also has a complete list of lieutenant governors and speakers on our website.

 

Resource Highlight: First Days of Session Business

On the first day of session next week, Tuesday, January 8, the House of Representatives will elect a new Speaker of the House, and the Senate will elect a new Senate President Pro Tem, per Texas Constitution, Article 3, Section 9. Access past Senate President Pro Tem information and Speaker election documents on our website to learn more about historic leaders within the Texas Senate and House.

 

The two chambers typically adopt their rules from the previous session for the first day, and then adopt updated rules in the following days. Visit our House & Senate Rules and Precedents page to see historic rules of the Texas Legislature.

 

A list of the members-elect for the 86th Legislature is available here.

Updated Exhibit: Legislator/Artist

Learn about the creative side of some Texas legislators in our recently updated "Legislator/Artist" exhibit. 

 

See a painting by Sen. Craig Estes (77th–85th Legislatures) and drawings—on Texas legislature subjects—by Reps. Neil Caldwell (56th–64th Legislatures) and Louis H. Scholl (34th–35th Legislatures).

 

Know of any other legislators, past or present, who have artistic talents? Let us know so we can add their work to our display!

 

Cover image ("Jack passed his court bill") by Rep. Neil Caldwell. Reproduced from Inside the Texas Legislature with State Representative Neil Caldwell, 1969.

Preview of the 86th Legislature

Below you'll find a preview of the 86th Texas Legislature. New and returning members will be sworn in on January 8, 2019, the opening day of the regular session.

 

Membership statistics for previous sessions are available on the library's Member statistics page.

 

Summary of the 86th Legislature

Party House Senate Overall
Democrat 66 12 78
Republican 83 19 102
Total 149 31 180

 

Gender House Senate Overall
Women 34 9 43
Men 115 22 137
Total 149 31 180

 

Members not returning to the 86th Texas Legislature

 
Not Returning Replacement
Sen. Konni Burton (R) Beverly Powell (D)
Sen. Craig Estes (R) Pat Fallon (R)
Sen. Sylvia Garcia (D) Carol Alvarado (D)
Sen. Don Huffines (R) Nathan Johnson (D)
Sen. Van Taylor (R) Angela Paxton (R)
Sen. Carlos Uresti (D) Pete Flores (R)
Rep. Rodney Anderson (R) Thresa "Terry" Meza (D)
Rep. Roberto Alonzo (D) Jessica González (D)
Rep. Carol Alvarado (D) Christina Morales (D)
Rep. Diana Arévalo (D) Trey Martinez Fischer (D)
Rep. Cindy Burkett (R) Rhetta Andrews Bowers (D)
Rep. Byron Cook (R) Cody Harris (R)
Rep. Scott Cosper (R) Brad Buckley (R)
Rep. Tony Dale (R) John H Bucy III (D)
Rep. Dawnna Dukes (D) Sheryl Cole (D)
Rep. Gary Elkins (R) Jon E. Rosenthal (D)
Rep. Wayne Faircloth (R) Mayes Middleton (R)
Rep. Pat Fallon (R) Jared Patterson (R)
Rep. Helen Giddings (D) Carl Sherman (D)
Rep. Larry Gonzales (R) James Talarico (D)
Rep. Lance Gooden (R) Keith Bell (R)
Rep. Jason Isaac (R) Erin Zwiener (D)
Rep. Mark Keough (R) Steve Toth (R)
Rep. Linda Koop (R) Ana-Maria Ramos (D)
Rep. Jodie Laubenberg (R) Candy Noble (R)
Rep. René Oliveira (D) Alex Dominguez (D)
Rep. Larry Phillips (R) Reggie Smith (R)
Rep. Joe Pickett (D) Art Fierro (D)
Rep. Matt Rinaldi (R) Julie Johnson (D)
Rep. Justin Rodriguez (D) Ray Lopez (D)
Rep. Kevin Roberts (R) E. Sam Harless (R)
Rep. Mike Schofield (R) Gina Calanni (D)
Rep. Leighton Schubert (R) Ben Leman (R)
Rep. Ron Simmons (R) Michelle Beckley (D)
Rep. Joe Straus (R) Steve Allison (R)
Rep. Tomas Uresti (D) Leo Pacheco (D)
Rep. Jason Villalba (R) John Turner (D)
Rep. Paul Workman (R) Vikki Goodwin (D)

 

Photos of incoming legislators sourced from their respective campaign websites. Post updated 3/13/19 to reflect the results of the HD 125 special election to fill Rep. Justin Rodriguez's seat; updated 3/6/19 to reflect the results of the HD 145 special election to fill Sen. Alvarado's seat; updated 1/30/19 to reflect the results of the HD 79 special election to fill Rep. Pickett's seat; updated 1/8/19 to reflect the scheduled February 12 special election to fill the HD 125 seat vacated by Rep. Justin Rodriguez; updated 12/18/18 and 12/27/18 to reflect the indicated resignation of Rep. Joe Pickett (HD 79) and the scheduled January 29 special elections to fill the HD 145 (formerly held by Carol Alvarado) and HD 79 seats; updated 12/12/18 to reflect the results of the Senate District 6 special election to fill U.S. Representative-elect Sylvia Garcia's vacated seat.

Exploring the Texas Album of the Eighth Legislature

Locating photos of Texas legislators from the pre-Civil War period is no easy task. The composites that currently decorate the Capitol's ground floor halls were not yet a tradition, and photography was a relatively new technology.

 

That rarity means the Legislative Reference Library was especially pleased to learn about The Texas Album of the Eighth Legislature. The album is an early attempt to document all of the state's officials, created by a traveling photographer, William DeRyee and his business partner, R.E. Moore. DeRyee took individual albumen portraits of the Eighth Legislature (1860), along with Governors Hardin R. Runnels and Sam Houston, Lieutenant Governor Edward Clark, and Speaker Marion DeKalb Taylor. A short biography and the counties the member represented accompany many of the portraits. Most of the biographies are the usual recitations of the member's family and work, but Rep. George McKnight's stands out—his bio page includes an original poem, "The Wanderer," musing on the loss of his parents and siblings.

 

Original copies of the album are held by the Texas State Library and Archives Commission (TSLAC), the Bancroft Library at University of California-Berkeley, and the Dolph Briscoe Center for American History. Looking at the different copies, you can see evidence of their prior owners' use. In the TSLAC edition, someone scribbled over the faces of some of the officials. They also wrote little notes in the margins, like—on Sam Houston's photo page—"Old Uncle Sam father of Texas — Sam 72 years old."

 

Many of the photos in the Bancroft copy have faded, and someone attempted to recreate some of the disappearing eyes, mouths, and other features—not to good effect. (Trying to pencil in eyes and noses on a photo never works well.) In some instances where the photo was missing all together, a previous owner attempted penciled-in portraits. Let us say that these portraits are more cartoonish than realistic. See page 237's cartoon of Rep. L.B. Camp—who has a perfectly respectable portrait in TSLAC's copy—as one example, and scroll to the end of our digital album to check out more caricatures/doodles. (Some of the drawings at the end of the album appear to be women; however, there were no biographies to go with them.) The photos and the bios in Bancroft's album are also jumbled up: Sam Houston's photo is almost 350 pages after his biography.

 

In an effort to pull the best of the originals together, the LRL has compiled a digital album and integrated photos and information from it into our Texas Legislators: Past & Present database, where you can view information about legislators in Texas from 1846 through the present.

 
Interesting historical side note: Following the 1860 publication of The Texas Album of the Eighth Legislature, photographer William DeRyee continued his photography business a little longer, but the Confederacy saw another use for his chemistry background. He was appointed state chemist and put in charge of the Texas Percussion Cap Manufactory. He also worked with the Confederate Nitre and Mining Bureau. He made various innovations and developments in explosives, but the Confederacy lacked well-trained chemists to assist him with his work. Following the Civil War, he opened a drugstore in Corpus Christi and developed a treatment of chlorine water with creosote as an antiseptic that helped alleviate a yellow fever epidemic. His son, Charles DeRyee, is credited with first documenting the presence of the boll weevil in Texas.

More Entries